In a house that is only 875 square feet, every extra inch counts. When I bought the house, I was single and could spread my “stuff” around throughout the three bedrooms. Once I became engaged, it became apparent that I needed to use any available space much more efficiently.
The closet in the master bedroom was about 6 feet wide, but it only had a 24 inch door which hampered access to much of the storage. By widening the doorway for a pair of 30 inch bi-fold doors and installing a closet organizer, I was able to increase the useful storage space. However, it must be noted here that I DID NOT structure the doorway properly. The construction techniques I present here are wrong! I have published this project only to show what I did. The idea was good, but clearly I did not know as much as I thought I knew, a problem that I share in common with lot of self-proclaimed do-it-yourselfers.
A surgical approach
After ensuring that I would not be messing with a supporting wall, I went to work inside the closet. The gypsum button board and plaster walls were up to an inch thick in places. Therefore my stud finder was not able to accurately detect the studs. I carefully used a keyhole saw to cut a couple of holes inside the closet so I could see exactly what framing I was working with. If I had to abort this mission, the small holes would be easy enough to repair and the repair wouldn’t have to be perfect anyway.
My stud finder is able to detect electrical current and I was able to determine that no wires were present where I was cutting. Still, I carefully opened up a couple larger holes, just to be sure. Once I confirmed that it was safe to do so, I used a reciprocating saw to cut the wall board flush to the studs that were to remain. It was a messy job to say the least.
A new rough opening
I removed the wall board up to the top plate. The bottom plate was nailed to the floor boards and I had now exposed couple of 2 x 4 studs.
I removed the studs to create the opening that I needed. Now I needed to rebuild the header and do something about the void that was left once the bottom plate was removed from the floor. (The bedroom and closet had hardwood floors).
For the floor, I cut a 1×6 pine board the length of the new opening. I stained the board with the same walnut stain that I used on the bi-fold doors. Using a circular saw set to the depth of the hardwood flooring, I cut out a section to the width of the board. I then simply nailed the new board in place. The contrasting threshold looks terrific and was a simpler solution than trying to match the hardwood floor.
The proper way to frame a doorway
If only I had seen this diagram before I tackled this project
Whether the opening is for a door or a window, the framing technique is the same. A header, usually a pair of boards at least 2×6 or 2×8 sandwiched together, is supported by jack-studs. The jack-studs are fastened to king studs which span the height from the bottom plate to the top plate. This structure provides support, effectively replacing the studs that would normally occupy the space of the opening.
But that’s not what I did…
How I framed the closet opening
I measured the height of the opening and triple-checked my measurements to determine the size of the rough opening required for the bi-fold doors. As luck would have it, the width was perfect, or so I thought. I knew nothing of jack studs and only took into account the width of the 1×4 boards that I had selected for the trim.
Please note, and I cannot stress this enough, that the following method is incorrect, and actually a little more complicated than the proper way..
I built the header as a separate module from the structure and then attached it to the top plate and existing studs with (many) three-inch screws.
Fortunately, the top plate was level, so all I had to do was screw the new header to it. I had to shim the sides to provide a good surface for the screws to go into. A gorilla could swing off of this thing and not pull it down and it is certainly strong enough to support bi-fold doors. It is actually the pivot points on the floor that bears most of the weight of the doors.
Although my structure was not proper, it was adequate. The opening was not in a supporting wall. The multiple screws were sufficient to hold my header assembly to the studs. And most of the weight of the bi-fold doors rested on the pivot point on the floor. Besides, I was installing hollow core doors which don’t weigh much anyway.
By my own standards today, adequate is not good enough. I should have researched the proper structure before taking on this renovation. I could have installed smaller doors and had a much stronger structure.
Before hanging the drywall, I needed to attach some oriented strand board (OSB) so that the drywall would be flush with the existing wallboard. After three coats of compound and some sanding, the entire wall was primed and painted. Three years later I would hang paint-able textured wallpaper on this one wall to help hide the shortcomings in my workmanship. But this was the first time I ever worked with drywall, and for the most part, I believe I did a pretty good job.
Classing up the joint with walnut stained doors
The bi-fold doors were the pre-primed variety, so to achieve a wood finish, I needed to use a gel stain (I selected walnut). It took a couple of applications of the stain and a couple of coats of polyurethane to achieve the finish you see here. I selected the walnut stain to contrast the finish on the other doors in the house because it would have been impossible to achieve a suitable match. I did get lucky with the stain for the trim. After a lot of trial and error at the paint store, we (and by “we” I mean “they”) found a maple stain that closely matched the rest of the woodwork in the house. The style of molding is not an exact match but pretty darn close.
Add a closet organizer…
After the dust cleared, I figure that I tripled the useful storage space in the closet. With the wider opening, the entire space is accessible, and a closet organizer increases the storage capacity by another 50%. Considering that this was the first renovation I did inside the house, I am quite proud of the end result.
I completed this project in 1999, just before my wedding– the obvious reason for needing more closet space.